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Image by Majkl Velner


Unguja is the largest and most populous island in the Zanzibar archipelago, part of Tanzania. It is sometimes referred to as Zanzibar Island. The island is known for its beautiful beaches, historic Stone Town, and rich cultural heritage. Stone Town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the old part of Zanzibar City and features narrow streets, historic buildings, and bustling markets. Unguja's economy is primarily based on tourism, agriculture (including spices like cloves, nutmeg, and cinnamon), and fishing. Visitors to Unguja often come to enjoy its stunning beaches, explore its cultural heritage, and experience activities such as diving, snorkeling, and spice tours.


Pemba is another major island in the Zanzibar archipelago, located north of Unguja. It is known for its lush green hills, clove plantations, and pristine beaches. Compared to Unguja, Pemba is less developed and sees fewer tourists, making it a quieter and more off-the-beaten-path destination. The island is renowned for its diving and snorkeling opportunities, with vibrant coral reefs teeming with marine life. Pemba also has a rich cultural heritage, with influences from Arab, Persian, Indian, and African cultures evident in its architecture, cuisine, and traditions. Like Unguja, Pemba is known for spice production, particularly cloves, which are a major export crop. Overall, Pemba offers visitors a chance to experience a more tranquil and authentic side of Zanzibar.

Image by Javi Lorbada
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